Emergency First Response

Primary Care Knowledge Review

When someone needs emergency care, time is critical because:

Three reasons why you should assist someone who needs emergency care are because you can:

Six reasons people hesitate when providing emergency care to a patient are:

Good Samaritan laws are enacted to encourage people to come to the aid of others. Generally, they protect individuals who voluntarily offer assistance to those in need.

To be protected by Good Samaritan laws you should:

The four links in the Chain of Survival are:

Hello? My name is ___. I’m an emergency responder. May I help you?

After establishing patient unresponsiveness and identifying that he is not breathing normally, you should activate emergency medical services immediately.

Emergency medical service in the United States is 911.

You should never fear harming a patient when performing CPR on an individual who is unresponsive and is not breathing normally because they are already in the worst possible state of health.

When not used or practiced, your primary care skills will deteriorate over time. It’s a good idea to take a refresher course at least every 12 to 24 months to keep you skills current.

As an emergency responder you may help avoid infection by blood-borne pathogens by always placing a barrier between you and any moist or wet substance originating from a patient.

Six common signs and symptoms of a stroke are sudden:

Primary assessment is an emergency responder’s first evaluation of an injured or ill person.

CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Cycle of Care: AB-CABS stands for:

Defibrillation is important to a patient with cardiac arrest because it disrupts the abnormal twitching (fibrillation) of a heart, restoring a normal heartbeat.

The three different types of bleeding are:

Nine indications of shock are:

You should always suspect a spinal injury in these circumstances:

Secondary Care (First Aid) Knowledge Review

Regardless of a patient’s injury or illness, you perform a primary assessment and monitor the patient’s Cycle of Care.

Once a patient is stabilized during primary care, you attend to the next level or emergency care - secondary care.

An injury is defined as physical harm to the body. An illness is an unhealthy condition of the body.

A sign is something you can see, hear, or feel. A symptom is something the patient tells you is wrong.

Assessment first aid is the treatment of conditions that are not immediately life-threatening.

Other Notes


Adult heart rate at rest is 60-80 beats per minute

Adult Breathing Rate is 12-20 breaths per minute

Skills Workbook

  1. Stop: Assess Scene
  2. Think: Formulate
  3. Act: Begin Providing Care